isis unveiled: chapter IX (as above, so below…)

“We have translated and quoted the above fragments for their great originality and truthfulness. We know the writer; fame proclaims him a great kabalist, and a few friends know him as a truthful and honest man.

The letter shows, moreover, that the writer has well and carefully studied the chameleon-like nature of the intelligences presiding over spiritual circles. That they are of the same kind and race as those so frequently mentioned in antiquity, admits of as little doubt as that the present generation of men are of the same nature as were human beings in the days of Moses.

Subjective manifestations proceed, under harmonious conditions, from those beings which were known as the “good demons” in days of old. Sometimes, but rarely, the planetary spirits – beings of another race than our own – produce them; sometimes the spirits of our translated and beloved friends; sometimes nature-spirits of one or more of the countless tribes; but most frequently of all terrestrial elementary spirits, disembodied evil men, the Diakka of A. Jackson Davis.”

H. P. Blavatsky


“Diakka: A term used by Andrew Jackson Davis to signify wicked, ignorant, or undeveloped spirits. Davis believed that at death no sudden or violent change takes place in the character and dis-position of an individual. Those who were mischievous, unprincipled, or lascivious during their lives remained so, for a time at least, after they died.

The American Spiritualist Hudson Tuttle stated, “As the spirit enters the spirit world just as it leaves this, there must be an innumerable host of low, undeveloped, uneducated, or in other words, evil spirits.”

Davis believed there was a special sphere or plane for these diakka where they were put on probation. He said they were responsible for the fraud and trickery often witnessed at séances; they not only deceived the sitters, but the medium as well.

Davis believed the way to avoid their influence is to live a pure, refined, and religious life, for these evil spirits are naturally attracted to those whose minds most resemble their own.

Sources: Davis, Andrew Jackson. The Diakka and Their Earthly Victims. New York, 1873.

The Harmonial Philosophy: A Compendium and Digest of the Works of Andrew Jackson Davis. London: Rider, 1917.”

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