“These philosophers held, with the Hindus, that God had infused into matter a portion of his own Divine Spirit, which animates and moves every particle. They taught that men have two souls, of separate and quite different natures:
the one perishable – the Astral Soul, or the inner, fluidic body – the other incorruptible and immortal – the Augoeides, or portion of the Divine Spirit; that the mortal or Astral Soul perishes at each gradual change at the threshold of every new sphere, becoming with every transmigration more purified.
The astral man, intangible and invisible as he might be to our mortal, earthly senses, is still constituted of matter, though sublimated.
Aristotle, not withstanding that for political reasons of his own maintained a prudent silence as to certain esoteric matters, expressed very clearly his opinion on the subject. It was his belief that human souls are emanations of God, that are finally reabsorbed into Divinity.
Zeno, the founder of the Stoics, taught that there are “two eternal qualities throughout nature: the one active, or male; the other passive, or female: that the former is pure, subtile ether, or Divine Spirit; the other entirely inert in itself till united with the active principle. That the Divine Spirit acting upon matter produced fire, water, earth, and air; and that it is the sole efficient principle by which all nature is moved.
The Stoics, like the Hindu sages, believed in the final absorption. St. Justin believed in the emanation of these souls from Divinity, and Tatian, the Asyrian, his disciple, declared that “man was immortal as God himself.”
That profoundly significant verse of the Genesis, “And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to everything that creepeth upon the earth, I gave a living soul….”, should arrest the attention of every Hebrew scholar capable of reading the Scripture in its original, instead of following the erroneous translation, in which the phrase reads, “wherein there is life.” (Gen I, 30)
From the first to the last chapters, the translators of the Jewish Sacred Books misconstrued this meaning. They have ever changed the spelling of the name of God, as Sir W. Drummond proves.
Thus El, if written correctly, would read Al, for it stands in the original א ל – Al, and, according to Higgins, this word means the god Mithra, the Sun, the preserver and savior.
Sir W. Drummond shows that Beth-El means the House of the Sun in its literal translation, and not of God. “El, in the composition of these Canaanite names, does not signify Deus, but Sol.”
Thus Theology has disfigured ancient Theosophy, and Science ancient Philosophy.”
H. P. Blavatsky