I Pray All Is Well With Everyone…And Your Hearts And Minds Are Full Of Love, Joy, And Compassion…For Yourselves And Everyone Else…All Over The World. Let Us Be Mindful That The Spirit Of The Living God Is The Life Stream That Keeps Us – Indeed, That Life Stream Is Love; And Although It Will Relinquish Itself In An Instant; For Now, Tho, It Is Our Gift Of Life And The Presence Of God Within Us; It Is Our Connection To All Life Everywhere; It Is Our “Mighty I AM Presence”! And When We Consider Those Things Of The Spirit, More Often Than Not…Then It Becomes Easier To Feel Those Higher Qualities…For Ourselves And Everyone Else! Amen…
Give Thanks And Praises…
And Y’all Be Love…
Always Do Your Own Research
“The “Messiah” means of course the Anointed One. The Hebrew word occurs some 40 times in the Old Testament; and each time in the Septuagint or Greek translation, (made mainly in the third century before our era), the word is translated Χριστός, or Christos, which again means Anointed. Thus we see that the idea or the word, “The Christ”, was in vogue in Alexandria as far back certainly as 280 B.C., or nearly three centuries before Jesus. And what the word “The Anointed”, strictly speaking means, and from what the expression is probably derived, will appear later.
In The Book of Enoch, written not later than B.C. 170, the Christ is spoken of as already existing in heaven, and about to come as judge of all men, and is definitely called “the Son of Man.” The Book of Revelations is full of passages from Enoch; so are the Epistles of Paul; so too the Gospels. The Book of Enoch believes in a Golden Age that is to come; it has Dantesque visions of Heaven and Hell, and of Angels good and evil, and it speaks of a “garden of Righteousness” with the “Tree of Wisdom” in its midst. Everywhere, says Prof. Drews, in the first century B.C., there was the longing for a coming Savior.
But the Savior-god, as we also know, was a familiar figure in Egypt. The great Osiris was the Savior of the world, both in his life and death – in his life through the noble works he wrought for the benefit of mankind, and in his death through his betrayal by the powers of darkness, and his resurrection from the tomb and ascent into heaven.
The Egyptian doctrines descended through Alexandria into Christianity – and though they did not influence the latter deeply until about 300 A.D., yet they then succeeded in reaching the Christian Churches, giving a color to their teachings with regard to the Savior, and persuading them to accept and honor the Egyptian worship of Isis in the Christian form of the Virgin Mary.
Again, another great stream of influence descended from Persia in the form of the cult of Mithra. Mithra, as we have seen, stood as a great Mediator between God and man. With his baptisms and eucharists, and his twelve disciples, and his birth in a cave, and so forth, he seemed to the early Fathers an invention of the devil and a most dangerous mockery on Christianity – and all the more so because his worship was becoming so exceedingly popular. The cult seems to have reached Rome about B.C. 70. It spread far and wide through the Empire. It extended to Great Britain, and numerous remains of Mithraic monuments and sculptures in this country – at York, Chester and other places – testify to its wide acceptance even here.
I have already given so many instances of belief in such a deity among the pagans – whether he be called Krishna or Mithra or Osiris or Horus or Apollo or Hercules – that it is not necessary to dwell on the subject any further in order to persuade the reader that the doctrine was ‘in the air’ at the time of the advent of Christianity. Even Dionysus, then a prominent figure in the ‘Mysteries,’ was called Eleutherios, The Deliverer.
But it may be of interest to trace the same doctrine among the pre-Christian sects of Gnostics. The Gnostics, says Professor Murray, “are still commonly thought of as a body of Christian heretics. In reality there were Gnostic sects scattered over the Hellenistic world before Christianity as well as after. They must have been established in Antioch and probably in Tarsus well before the days of Paul or Apollos. Their Savior, like the Jewish Messiah, was established in men’s minds before the Savior of the Christians. ‘If we look close,’ says Professor Bousset, ‘the result emerges with great clearness that the figure of the Redeemer as such did not wait for Christianity to force its way into the religion of Gnosis, but was already present there under various forms.'”
This Gnostic Redeemer, continues Professor Murray, “is descended by a fairly clear genealogy from the ‘Tritos Sôtêr’, (‘third Savior’), of early Greece, contaminated with similar figures, like Attis and Adonis from Asia Minor, Osiris from Egypt, and the special Jewish conception of the Messiah of the Chosen people. He has various names, which the name of Jesus or ‘Christos,’ ‘the Anointed,’ tends gradually to supersede. Above all, he is in some sense Man, or ‘the second Man’ or ‘the Son of Man’ . . . He is the real, the ultimate, the perfect and eternal Man, of whom all bodily men are feeble copies.”
This passage brings vividly before the mind the process of which I have spoken, namely, the fusion and mutual interchange of ideas on the subject of the Savior during the period anterior to our era. Also it exemplifies to us through what an abstract sphere of Gnostic religious speculation the doctrine had to travel before reaching its expression in Christianity.”
Pagan & Christian Creeds: Their Origin and Meaning, by Edward Carpenter, 1920